With the expansion of production and logistics scale and the improvement of logistics automation, logistics machinery and equipment are more and more widely used in modern production and logistics, and the role is also increasing; and modern production and modern logistics are proposed for logistics machinery and equipment. Higher requirements. The improvement of modern mechanical equipment design capability and the rapid advancement of science and technology have made the logistics machinery and equipment full of technology, knowledge content and cultural content, and logistics machinery and equipment is undergoing a huge transformation. In the new century, the technical performance of logistics machinery and equipment will enter a new stage of development, and logistics machinery and equipment will surely achieve greater development.
Throughout the development status of logistics machinery and equipment, it can be seen that in order to meet the needs of modern logistics, logistics machinery and equipment have the following development trends:
1. Large size and high speed
Large-scale means that the capacity, scale and capacity of the equipment are getting larger and larger. The high-speed means that the running speed, running speed, recognition speed and calculation speed of the equipment are greatly accelerated. The rapid development of modern society and economy has led to the continuous expansion of production and logistics. In order to improve operational efficiency and economies of scale, the demand for large-scale and high-speed logistics machinery continues to grow. The lifting capacity, load capacity, productivity, and working ability of logistics machinery and equipment are getting bigger and bigger, and the working speed is getting faster and faster.
2. Practical and lightweight
Logistics machinery and equipment is an important material technology foundation for modern and automated logistics. Logistics machinery and equipment require ease of use, easy maintenance, operation, excellent durability, trouble-free and economical, as well as high safety and reliability. Therefore, in the future, more attention will be paid to the development of logistics machinery and equipment with good performance, low cost and high reliability. Some logistics machinery and equipment are used in general-purpose situations, and the work is not heavy. These types of equipment are large in size and widely used. Considering the comprehensive benefits, the height of the exterior can be reduced, the structure can be simplified, the cost can be reduced, and the operating cost of the equipment can be reduced. This lightweight device will grow faster in the future.
3. Specialization and generalization
Logistics is the product of social and economic development, and it will inevitably exhibit diversified characteristics with the development of social economy. The diversified characteristics reflect the diversification of the demand for logistics machinery and equipment, so that the logistics machinery and equipment have a variety of varieties and are constantly updated. The systemicity and consistency of logistics activities and the rapid and maneuvering of transportation and distribution require some equipment to develop in the direction of specialization, and at the same time require some equipment to develop in the direction of generalization and standardization. Dedicated equipment meets specific needs with unique features and can be used for priority. For example, the functions of special cranes such as railways, ships, and containers will continue to increase, performance will continue to improve, and adaptability will continue to increase; container ships, bulk carriers, concrete transport vehicles, tankers, etc. will be widely used and low in cost. Some general-purpose equipment can also realize the rapid conversion of logistics operations, greatly improving the efficiency of logistics operations. For example, large container trailers can carry containers of all sizes of sea, air and rail, and the general-purpose equipment will be further developed in the future.
4. Automation and intelligence
Combining mechanical technology and electronic technology, applying advanced microelectronic technology, power electronics technology, optical cable technology, hydraulic technology and fuzzy control technology to the drive and control system of machinery, the automation and intelligentization of logistics machinery and equipment will be Future development direction. For example, a new generation of electric control devices for large-scale high-efficiency cranes has been developed into an all-electronic digital control system consisting of a fully digital control drive, a programmable controller, a fault diagnosis and data management system, and a digital control for a given detection. The application of advanced technology makes the crane more flexible, which improves the level of integrated automation of the single machine. More steering of transportation equipment relies on instrumentation, signal and assisted driving systems to become more intelligent. The development and application of automatic driving systems in sea and air transportation, pick-up trolleys in automated warehouses, and intelligent transportation system (ITS) for road transport will attract widespread attention from all countries. In addition, satellite communication technology enables full tracking and control of transportation equipment and quick response to market changes. At the end of 2000, Northwest International Telecommunications Co., Ltd. established a freight vehicle dispatch management system for FAW Storage and Transportation Company. It combines GPS, GIS, GSM and other technologies to achieve full tracking and monitoring of goods. The system can effectively avoid the no-load of the vehicle, arrange the connection and delivery time reasonably and effectively, greatly improve the utilization rate of the vehicle, save the transportation cost, and enable the enterprise or the cargo owner to understand the whole situation of the cargo in the transportation, which is larger. Limit the customer's need for vehicle safety services, management scheduling and information services. Since its establishment, the system has performed well and played a very good role, providing a basis for effective management of logistics and will be more widely used in the future.
The intelligent carrier AHV (AutonomousHandlingVehicle) will also be widely used. The shape of the AHV is similar to that of the AGV currently in use, but it is equipped with two general-purpose robots. It relies on a visually-oriented industrial camera to judge the position and size of the cargo. It can be handled freely by robots like a human. 200--300 kg of goods. The AHV has the function of cooperative operation. When the goods being transported are too long or too heavy, they can be transported by two or more ARVs in cooperation, which greatly reduces the ARV specifications and is easy to manage. The combined operation of several AHVs of the same specification can improve the working capacity.
5. Complete and systematic
On the basis of the single machine automation of logistics machinery and equipment, various logistics machinery and equipment are formed into a logistics machinery equipment integration system through the computer, and the logistics system is coordinated with the control of the central control room. This type of logistics machinery and equipment has a high degree of automation and has an information processing function, which can perform processing, calculation, logic judgment, transformation and the like on various information detected by the sensor, and then issue control instructions to the actuator. This kind of logistics machinery and equipment also has a good information input interface for information transmission, which realizes the transmission of information in the whole logistics machinery integrated system completely, accurately and reliably. Through the system integration, the logistics machinery and equipment can form the priority matching and combination of different models, and learn from each other to give priority to the advantages. In the future, there will be a factory production and handling automation system, a cargo distribution and distribution system, a container handling system, and an automatic sorting and handling system for goods.